Prepared by Nancy Scarcella, April 30, 1991; Updated December 2011.
1 record storage box and 1 half size record storage box, 1.5 cubic feet, 12th floor
Professor Carl M. Moore donated these papers to the Kent State University
Archives on May 8, 1986. Moore was an instructor in the School of Speech
at Kent State University in May 1970.
After the events of May 4, 1970, James A. Michener came to Kent, Ohio with
the intention of gathering information for a forthcoming book on the events
which occurred prior to and on the day of May 4, 1970. Michener interviewed a
substantial number of people, including Dr. Carl Moore, during his stay in Kent.
In the Spring of 1971, Michener's book titled Kent State: What Happened and Why
was published. Upon reading the book Moore discovered several discrepancies in
the references made to him. Furthermore, he discovered that there were other
individuals who also felt that Michener's references to them were incorrect.
Moore decided to seize this opportunity to provide the students in his
argumentation class with an instructive experience in the use of evidence.
In order to determine if Michener had taken liberties with the statements
given to him by those interviewed, Moore's students identified all of
the individuals quoted in Kent State: What Happened and Why. A questionnaire
designed to identify Michener's research methods and verify his use of
quotes was sent to approximately two hundred individuals quoted by Michener.
Although only about half of the individuals to whom the questionnaires
were sent responded, their responses indicated that in a number of instances
Michener had indeed misquoted and distorted statements given to him during
At that point, Professor D. Ray Heisey, also an instructor in the School
of Speech, was invited to join the project. The project provided the fodder
for the Moore/Heisey report titled "Not a Great Deal of Error . . .?"
This title was a sardonic twist on a statement made by Michener in an
article in the May 15, 1971 Saturday Review; "Not a great deal
of error has been found in my books." Although the report was never published,
a review of it did appear in the January 16, 1972 New York Times.
A copy of "Not a Great Deal of Error. . .?" is contained in the Jerry
M. Lewis Papers , part of the May 4th collection.
The Moore/Heisey report did not go unnoticed by Michener. His rebuttal
to "Not a Great Deal of Error...?" appeared in January, 1972. A copy of
the rebuttal can be found in folder 111 of box 72.
Scope and Content
Box 72 contains survey responses and other materials related to the Moore/Heisey
study. Box 72A contians micellaneous correspondence, publications, flyers,
and other documents from the period before and after May 4, 1970.
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