In 1926 Queen Marie visited America and Canada. This page provides a
chronology of her trip, some photographs and a map of her scheduled
route. The information for this chronology was taken from On Tour With Queen
Marie by Constance Lily Morris, who traveled with the Queen. All of the
photographs used in the creation of this page are from the collection.
Queen Marie with her children Prince Nicholas and Princess
Monday, October 18, 1926 Queen Marie arrives to New York from
France aboard the Leviathan. She was welcomed to New York with a ticker tape
parade, attended by thousands of New Yorkers. The same day she went by train
to Washington D.C., that evening she attended a formal dinner.
Tuesday, October 19th In the morning the Queen visited Arlington
Cemetery, at the tomb of the unknown soldier, she placed a wreath in Romanian
colors (red, yellow, and blue) on the tomb. Her party then traveled to Mount
Vernon for lunch, then to the Lincoln Memorial. President and Mrs. Coolidge
had a state dinner at the White House for her.
Wednesday, October 20th Marie toured Annapolis, where she reviewed
midshipmen. That evening she attended a dinner at the Ritz-Carlton in New
Thursday, October 21st Marie visited the New York Public Library,
then attended a luncheon at the Chamber of Commerce, where she gave a speech.
In the afternoon, she left for Philadelphia. Upon arrival, she attended a
religous ceremony at a Romanian church. That evening a lavish dinner with
Mayor W. Freeland Kendrick was held. A visit to the Exhibition ground
followed, where the Liberty Bell was on display and she also attended a
peformance of the Philadelphia Symphony.
Queen Marie at the
Friday, October 22nd Marie arrived in New York for a Bankers' Club
luncheon. At Columbia University, a formal reception took place in the
library's rotunda. Also that afternoon the Queen and Princess Ileana attended
a reception in their honor at the Young Women's Christian Association. A
dinner at the Iron and Steel Institute numbered 1,000 guests, many of them
industry leaders. Marie's speech there covered her life and her hope for
progress in Romania.
Saturday, October 23rd Members of the Brooklyn Chamber of Commerce
escorted the Queen to review the 106th Infantry Regiment that afternoon. She
was declared an honorary colonel of the regiment and received a silver sword.
A reception in the Council of Officers' room at the Armory followed. Dinner
was held at the Sulgrave Institute, where Marie was made an honorary lifetime
member. This organization works to combine the interests of England and
America in the purchase and endowment of Sulgrave Manor in England, George
Washington's ancestral home.
Sunday, October 24th The Queen attended services at Calvary Church.
Lunch took place in the ballroom of the Biltmore Hotel. Later that afternoon,
she attended a large reception at the Plaza Hotel given by the Newspaper
Alliance of America. Immediately following, Marie appeared at a painting
exhibition by a protege of hers, Sigismond de Nagy, a Hungarian artist. She
purchased a painting to give to her daughter, Queen Mignon of Serbia. In the
evening, Marie attended a dinner given by Mrs. Oliver Harriman at Mrs. Harry
Black's Plaza apartment. Later she went to the Metropolitan Opera House to see
a ballet that illustrated one of the Queen's original fairy tales The Story
of Lily . Afterwards, she boarded her special train that would become her
home for the next few weeks.
Monday, October 25th The Queen's train arrived at West Point in the
morning. She was welcomed by General Merck B. Stewart, Commander of West Point
Academy. Despite the rain, she first visited the chapel,then the General's
house where a simple lunch of hot bouillon and sandwiches were served. Before
leaving, the Queen reviewed the cadets on the parade-ground. Stops were made
at Albany, Utica and Syracuse where she was received informally or greeted
well-wishers from her observation car. The train reached Buffalo at 8
p.m.,where a banquet at the Statler Hotel followed.
Marie visits West Point
Tuesday, October 26th Breakfast was held at a hotel on the American
side of Niagara Falls, next was a visit to the falls. The Queen briefly went
to the Canadian side, greeted by the Governor of Ontario Province. The next
stop was Hamilton, Ontario in Canada, where she spoke to a crowd from the rear
of her train. At 2 p.m. her train pulled into Toronto. After greeting the
crowds, she proceeded to the Government House, the official residence of the
Governor. Marie was received by Lieutenant-Governor Henry Cockshutt and his
family, meeting with them for about an hour. A delegation met her at the Town
Hall and a local Rabbi read her a speech of welcome. She proceeded to an
unknown university, where she gave a speech about how she had longed to visit
Canada as a young girl after hearing stories about the country from her
grandmother, Queen Victoria. Marie then visited a country house owned by the
Ladies' Club followed by more official duties. After dinner and a reception,
she returned to her train.
Wednesday, October 27th The train arrived in Montreal, she visited
City Hall, toured the plant of La Presse (the city's leading newspaper)
and a Romanian church. A luncheon with the Mayor was next attended by about
300 guests. Marie then visited Montreal College and Mc Gill University, where
she was received by the President and toured their library. That evening, the
Romanian consul of Montreal gave a dinner attended by many officials. A
performance of the Barber of Seville rounded out the evening.
Thursday, October 28th The Queen reached Ottawa around 9 a.m. and
was met by Governor-General Viscount Willingdon. She was received at the Town
Hall, then went to the Government House. She lunched at Chateau Laurier, where
she was honored by the Canadian Ladies' Club. Next, she attended a reception
at the Houses of Parliament. A state banquet attended by acting Prime Minister
J.A. Robb followed. Marie left Ottawa at 11 p.m.
Friday, October 29th Today was the Queen's birthday, her train was
on the journey to Winnipeg. Colonel Carroll held a luncheon in the dining car
to honor the occasion. Her birthday cake was elaborately decorated in the
Romanian colors. Traveling on the Canadian Pacific, there were seven private
cars, each with a dining room, its own chefs and porters. The Queen's private
car was called the "Yellowstone Park."
Saturday, October 30th The train traveled through snow and arrived
in Winnipeg at 5 p.m. The Queen went to her hotel, where the Governor lived. A
reception took place before dinner. The Winnipeg Branch of the Ladies'
Canadian Club gave a dinner in Marie's honor. After dinner, she went to the
Parliament House and seated on a throne, received Romanian delegates and
children in Romanian costumes gave her flowers. A large crowd passed by her
for nearly two hours. Then supper was served in the library. The train left
Winnipeg that night.
Sunday, October 31st The Queen was due in Minneapolis that
afternoon. She attended a ceremony at the Capitol, then went to the only
Romanian Orthodox church in St. Paul. Later in the afternoon, Marie went to
the Minneapolis Institute of Art. That evening she attended dinner and a
reception at the home of Mr. Louis W. Hill, Chairman of the Board of the Great
Northern Railroad. That night her train continued to North Dakota.
Monday, November 1st In North Dakota, the Queen received farmers at
each small town her train stopped at. She was generously offered a plow, a
harvesting machine, a cow, a few horses, and a sewing machine to name a few.
When she met farmers in Dickinson, North Dakota, she was dressed in full
Romanian costume. It consisted of a long white robe embroidered in old rose
and gold. Over it was a cloak of old rose linen embroidered at her shoulders
in diamond shaped patterns of blue and gold. She wore red leather boots from
Transylvania. On her head was a marama, a white veil that covered her hair and
passed under her chin. During this time, Marie received word that newspapers
in New York were reporting that her husband, the King, was suffering from
several ailments. She did not seem anxious about this news, having received a
telegram from him on her birthday saying her was feeling better. Large crowds
greeted Marie at Fargo, Valley City, Bismark, and Mandan. The crowds consisted
of cowboys, farmers, Native Americans, as well as those from society. At
Mandan, she was greeted by the Sioux tribe, where she was initiated "War Woman
of the Sioux Indians." Seated on a buffalo robe she was carried by six of the
chiefs into a teepee where a ceremony was performed and she was given the
title "Winyan Kipanpi Win," meaning "The Woman Who Was Waited For." A war
bonnet was placed on her head by Chief Red Soma Tomabarok as a symbol of her
acceptance into the tribe. In the afternoon, a stop was made at Medora where
the Queen was given a Wild Western welcome of cowboys and women riding on
broncos up to her train. Marie, Nicholas and Ileana rode out on horseback to
the mountains with the cowboys. As evening approached, they returned to the
train for dinner.
Tuesday, November 2nd The Queen's train reached Montana, she was
greeted by a large crowd in Helena where the Governor gave a speech. She
arrived in Spokane around 7:30 p.m. Marie was escorted by a large delegation
and a miltary band to the Hotel Davenport. Here Native Americans in
traditional costume danced a war dance. The prince and princess were initiated
into the tribe and given the names "Roaring Wind" and "Red Bird." Mr. Samuel
Hill greeted Marie. He had helped plan and develop the Maryhill Museum. Later Marie spoke
over the radio to the people of the Northwest, returning to her train that
Wednesday, November 3rd The Queen's train stopped at the station in
Maryhill, where she dedicated the museum there. She had brought a collection
of art objects to be part of the collection. After speeches were given by a
former Washington state governor, Mr. Hill, and Mr. Tirman (who brought a
collection of art objects from France for the museum), Marie addressed the
crowd. After her speech, carrier pigeons were released to carry the message of
Maryhill to other parts of the world. Leaving the museum, Marie travelled down
the Columbia Highway until she reached Portland, Oregon for a brief visit.
Thursday, November 4th Before arriving in Seattle, the train stopped
at Longview to tour a sawmill, delaying their Seattle arrival by four hours.
The Queen went to the Mayor's office, toured the city, visited Roosevelt High
School. Concluding the tour, Marie was escorted by Mr. Hill to the Yacht Club.
Greeted by a large crowd, she took part in a tree planting ceremony in the
garden and a reception followed. Dinner was given by the Seattle Business
Women's Club and Mr. Hill addressed the group.
Friday, November 5th The Queen was escorted to Blaine, which is on
the Canadian border for breakfast at Mr. Hill's home. Marie went into the
kitchen and prepared pancakes and honey for the family. Her train left for
Vancouver at 10 a.m., where she was greeted by the Mayor and
Lieutenant-Governor. She briefly toured the city before attending a luncheon.
Afterwards, she visited the University of British Columbia, then attended a
reception. That evening she went to a banquet where, she was escorted into the
hall by Scottish bagpipers.
Saturday, November 6th That morning the train again stopped at
Blaine, she visited the Peace Arch. The arch was erected to commemorate the
100th anniversary of peace between the United States and Canada. Returning to
Seattle, a dinner party was held at Mr. Hill's house that was attended by the
Mayor, the Governor and his wife.
Sunday, November 7th The Queen's train headed to Spokane, where she
was received at the Country Club. That evening she traveled through the
northern part of Idaho, where the Governor visited with her.
Monday, November 8th That morning, Marie arrived at the Glacier
National Park station. Due to snow, she was unable to visit the park. The
Blackfoot tribe had erected teepees in honor of her visit. The Queen was
presented with a war-bonnet of eagle feathers. The chief made a speech, then
gave her the name "Morning Star" (see photograph) and the prince "Mountain
Chief." Blackfoot women dressed the princess in traditional clothing and
makeup. The chief named her "Pretty Dove," a tribal ceremony followed. Marie
left Glacier Park around 9 a.m. for breakfast. Late that afternoon a stop was
made at the Anaconda copper smelters in Great Falls.
Tuesday, November 9th Heading toward Denver, Marie's train stopped
in Casper, Wyoming to see the oil wells of the Standard Oil Company. Where she
was greeted by the Governor. Coloniel Carrol gave a dinner in Marie's honor.
Wednesday, November 10th Arriving in Denver, Marie went to the
auditorium, where 13,000 people came to hear her speak. Next, she went to the
top of Lookout Mountain, where a luncheon was given in the home of Mr and Mrs.
Beechener. There it was announced that a proposal was before the State
Legislature to name a mountain after the Queen so future generations would
remember her. At 4 p.m., she visited the Military Hospital meeting with ill
soldiers. A procession through Denver began at a Greek pavillion that
overlooked the city and was a playground for children. Hundreds of children
greeted her, scattering flowers and singing. A stop at the Capitol was next,
where a procession of uniformed reserve regiments passed before her. Dinner
was held at the hall in the Brown Palace Hotel, followed by a debutante ball
and ballet at the auditorium.
Thursday, November 11th The train stopped early in the day at
Lincoln, Nebraska and the Queen greeted the people. At Omaha and St. Joseph,
Romanian gatherings led by priests in their vestments and women in traditional
costume waited for the Queen to speak to them in their native language. She
arrived in Kansas City that evening. An enormous delegation greeted her, since
half the city is in Kansas and the other half in Missouri. It was Armistice
Day and her first stop was at a new memorial to the dead of World War I.
Earlier that day, it had been dedicated by President Coolidge. Addressing the
crowd, the Queen honored the fallen soldiers by saying, "They died that we
might have peace." She also placed a wreath at the monument's base of dried
flowers painted in Romanian colors. Some banquets were omitted at the Queen's
request so she could have an opportunity to rest before attending a concert at
the city auditorium. After the performance, she went to the house of Mrs.
Friday, November 12th The Queen arrived in St. Louis, greeted by a
regiment and escorted by the Mayor in an open car touring the city. Her tour
ended at the Coronado Hotel for breakfast. A luncheon was given by the old
families of French descent, the food reflected their origins. After lunch, she
went to the University of St. Louis, where the Dean gave a speech. Later, she
personally met with a group of Romanians, then she went to the university's
chapel to act as godmother to the baby of a former Red Cross worker in Romania
who had requested this favor. In the evening she attended a banquet, and a
Saturday, November 13th A brief stop was made in Springfield,
Illinois where Marie requested to see Abraham Lincoln's mementos and
memorials. First, she went to the arsenal where she was greeted by the
Romanian national hymn by her countrymen. She then visited Lincoln's wooden
cabin, tomb, and granite monument. Lunch was served on the train as it headed
toward Chicago, arriving at 5:30 p.m. Marie went to City Hall and met with
Mayor Dever, during this event anti-royalists were outside protesting. Later
she settled in at the Lake Shore Drive Hotel, dinner was held at The Drake
One of the trains the Queen
Sunday, November 14th Marie's day started with a royal twenty-one
gun salute. She first went to Lincoln's statue at Saint Gaudens, then the
Daily News Sanitorium (for sick children)at the Historical Museum, she was
presented with a book about Lincoln (this museum contains the bed in which
Lincoln died). A luncheon was held at Mrs. Rockefeller McCormick's house, Then
she attended a Romanian church service, a Norwegian Art exhibit, and a
Romanian Jewish Synagogue service attended by the Governor. A large reception
of Romanians awaited Marie at the Congress Hotel. Later she attended a
performance by the Russian Ballet.
Monday, November 15th The Queen visited a steel plant in Gary,
Indiana where she met with the workers. During this meeting she asked "Is
there a Romanian among you?" A man shyly came forward, she held out her hand
to him saying, "Shake hands with me, so am I my friend." Luncheon was at the
South Shore Country Club, attended by about 500 people. After lunch she went
to Chicago University, meeting with the school's president Max Mason, who
escorted her to the Lying-In Hospital. She then briefly visited the Hyde Park
Y.M.C.A. and the Art Institute. That evening an elaborate dinner arranged by
Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Meeker and the Chicago committee in the Casino Club was
Tuesday, November 16th This day was deemed "The Queen's Own Day,"
she wanted one day to do as she pleased in Chicago. That morning she went to
the Women's Athletic Club for a swim. Marie hoped she could travel incognito
for one day of shopping at Marshall Field's, but was recognized. She was
followed to the club and the store by several reporters. She continued to a
jewelers on State St., by the time she left the shop a crowd had surrounded
her car. She had no bodyguards and the police had to called to contain the
crowd so she could leave. That afternoon Marie met with the Red Cross at her
hotel, a luncheon was then given by the Union League Club. At the luncheon she
gave a speech about her life and the history of Romania. In this speech she
explained how Romania had a history of unrest, her address ended "Remember
when you belittle Romania, you are treading on the heart of a woman." By the
end of her speech she was in tears. Around 4 p.m. Marie met with Jane Addams
at Hull House, where she was shown the Crane Day Nursery there. Marie attended
a reception at the Field Museum the same afternoon, before returning to her
hotel. A performance of Aida by the Chicago Opera Company was followed
by a midnight reception in the Crystal Room of the Blackstone Hotel.
Wednesday, November 17th The Queen specifically requested to keep
her last morning in Chicago free, since she was to leave at 2 p.m. Despite
this request there were reporters, aides with cables and requests for
autographs awaiting her. At 5:30 p.m. the train arrived in Indianapolis, where
Marie was greeted by the Governor and Mayor. She visited the capitol and
libray, where she was presented with a volume of Hoosier poetry. That evening,
she went to the city's Romanian church where a choir and children in native
costume greeted her. After the service, Marie went to the Columbia Club where
a banquet awaited. During the banquet, the Queen received news that the King's
health was not well and was compelled to return to Romania.
Thursday, November 18th Arrived in Louisville in the morning,
Marie's scheduled plans were cancelled and a new schedule was arranged.
Cincinnati, Detroit, Cleveland, Pittsburgh, and Washington D.C. were also
informed that her tour had to end early. At the train station she was greeted
by an official delegation headed by Congressman Ben Johnson. The Queen was
received by Mayor Will at City Hall, where it was decided she would visit The
Old Kentucky Home at Bardstown. Governor Wm. J. Fields presided as host in a
reception held in the dining room. Hot breads, fried chicken, and flaky cakes
were served. Marie was presented with an original copy of the poem "The Old
Kentucky Home." She next traveled to a cabin outside of Hodgenville, where
Abraham Lincoln was born. That evening a ball was held in Louisville.
Friday, November 19th Queen Marie and her entourage arrived in
Jersey City. Marie then went by car to the home of Mr. Charles E. Mitchell,
President of the National City Bank of New York. She preferred to stay at a
private home in the country, avoiding the publicity of a hotel. That evening,
dinner was held on the train's large dining car given by the Colonel.
Saturday, November 20th Back on the train, Marie traveled through
the Civil War section of the Shenedoah Valley. She then greeted a crowd at the
Washington Hotel, and a final stop was made at Harper's Ferry around 9:30 that
morning. Preparations were made by all for their final departure from the
train that had been home for the last few weeks.
Sunday, November 21st There were three days left before Marie would
end her visit and many social obligations followed. This morning, she met with
a committee from the Metropolitan Museum of Art, headed by Mr. Cromwell and
Mr. Wells who escorted her through the collection. She lunched with friends
and met General Pershing. She made a visit to the "Dug-Out," aided by Pershing
where she was greeted by about seventy soldiers. The "Dug-Out" is a place for
soldiers to gater socially on West 53rd street in New York. That evening Mr.
Mitchell held a large dinner at his house, where Romanian songs along with
other music provided entertainment.
Monday, November 22nd Marie spent most of this day visiting with
friends and she went to Oyster Bay to pay her respects at Theodore Roosevelt's
grave. That evening, she recounted some highlights of her trip to guests.
Tuesday, November 23rd The Queen's last day in the United States,
she sails tomorrow morning. She briefly visited the offices of the Standard
Oil Company. A boat from Standard Oil carried her past Governor's Island and
the Statue of Liberty. Lunch was held on the boat, which was attended by the
Romanian Minister Mr. M. Cretziano. The boat landed outside of Bellvue
Hospital where cars took Marie to the Edison plant. Stopping on Park Avenue,
Marie held a reception under the auspices of the National Federation of
Business and Professional Women's Clubs. Later she attended a meeting of the
board of directors of the Society of the Friends of Romanaia, hosted by Mr.
Cromwell. That evening Mrs. Astor held dinner in the Hotel Astor, where Marie
was presented with a bullet-proof car.
Wednesday, November 24th A large crowd greeted the Queen as she
boarded the Berengaria. On the upper deck of the ship, Marie told reporters
she was sorry to leave America, since she enjoyed her visit. She also thanked
everyone for all that had been done for her. Lastly, Marie expressed her
desire to return to America someday.
From Mr. Cromwell's home, the Queen broadcasted one last public message
before leaving America. Here are some excerpts: "It is with a real feeling of
sadness in my heart that I leave, I would like to let you know, every one of
you, whom I have met in this splendid country, That I thank you, every one of
you high and low, big and small, man, woman and child, for the way you have
received me and made me feel at home." She then continued to say that she had
never felt that she was a stranger and that love had been shown to her
everywhere. She spoke of her deep regret in having to give up her last three
weeks in America. She asked that those who have been disappointed on account
of her early departure not to think unkindly of her. She ended her speech by
saying "Do not let any thought come into your minds that perhaps I came here
for anything else than what I said, and that was to know you all, to tell you
of my gratitude for all that you have done, for all that America has done for
Romania in the time of the War and after the War. I wanted to come and say
'Thank you' to you all. I wanted to see all the glourious things you had to
show me. I did not come on business. I did not come for politics. I came to
carry your friendship back to my country and to help America understand that
Romania also has her rights under the sun. Will you remember when you light
your Christmas trees that my thought will be with you, every one of you?
Good-bye dear people of America, blessed child, of which progress and
understanding will come. Do not shut your heart away from the Old World, for
the Old World and the New must live together to help each other and understand
each other. So good-bye, America, dear and beautiful America."
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